college student resume, Difference Between a Resume and a Curriculum Vitae

A Guide on CV vs Resume: Differences Explained and When to Use Which

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Posted by FirstNaukri Nov 13, 2019

What exactly is a CV? Is it way different from a resume for freshers, or its just an assumption? Why do some candidates apply with a CV while the others use a resume? Do they each serve a different purpose altogether? Are any of these two actually better than the other, especially when it comes to fresher job openings? In 5 minutes we will learn everything we need to know about CV vs. resume and their differences in this article. All we need to do is read all the sections thoroughly and only then come to a conclusion, which will ultimately clear the air.


Table of Contents

This guide will show you the following:


What is the definition of a CV (Curriculum Vitae)?

The phrase curriculum vitae in Latin means ‘course of life’ In short, it is widely known as CV. For a job applicant, a CV would be a detailed document which can highlight the academic history. For instance, a fresher’s CV can include the following sections:

  • Academic details
  • School educational details
  • UG details
  • PG details (if applicable)
  • PhD details (if applicable)
  • Achievements and awards
  • Scholarships earned (if applicable)
  • Projects details
  • Training details
  • Internship details
  • Research projects (if you are a PhD candidate)
  • Publications of your work (if you are a PG/PhD candidate)

What is the definition of a resume?

As a fresher, you should submit a resume with your job application. Your resume is a document containing essential information for the employer so that they consider you to be suitable for a role. Your resume is your pathway to land your first job interview. Your resume could be in any format, however it has to be error-free without spelling mistakes. In case you are confused, refer online resume builder guides to build a flawless one. It has to include the following sections:

  • Personal details
  • Career objective or summary
  • Education
  • Work experience (if any)
  • Skills, strengths and interests
  • References

Need help determining how to write a resume or a CV? Consult an expert and use a ready-made template! Try our Firstnaukri free resume maker tool for freshers today.

What is a resume?

The difference between a CV and a resume

There is a subtle differences between the two types of job application documents. The following table will straighten out your queries and also point out how & where to use which document.

Length Are longer (upto 10 pages) Are short ( 2 pages max)
Focus Focus is on career Focus is on skills
Format Static, Customization not allowed Customization allowed
Address One can mention multiple addresses, phone numbers and email IDs Only phone number & email ID would suffice
Work experience Provide details Provide internship/work experience with designation, duration, & name of company
Cover letter Not needed Required
Skills Add all certification names only in chronological order Add all skills in the order of priority, related to the job

When to use a CV

Graduates wanting to apply to academic jobs, and for a researcher’s position should opt for a CV. Its a detailed document and would do justice to the job application.

When to use a resume

A resume holds details about both career and academic experience. It’s goal is to present only the most crucial work/academic experiences of your career to a recruiter. Hence, it can be used to apply to any corporate job. In case you are still confused, please use a professional online resume maker.

How to write a foolproof CV

Following are some tips to help you build a foolproof CV that will help you land an interview.

  • Choose a legible and clear font style and font size. Stick to Arial, Tahoma, or Helvetica.
  • The CV layout must be consistent. All headings must be uniform with large font size and in bold letters. Avoid underlines and italic font.
  • Don’t stuff the CV with graphics, photos and colours. Unless explicitly asked to add a photo, refrain from adding it. Also, white space will make your CV look neat and minimalist.
  • Make your CV relevant. No need to add every single detail about academics, internships, jobs and trainings in the CV.

💡Quick Tip: After writing a CV, save it in PDF format and keep a word file handy to make quick edits. A PDF will ensure that the CV layout stays intact. Also, pay attention to the job description and accordingly tweak the CV.

How to write a foolproof resume

Following are some crucial workarounds for a graduate to prepare a flawless resume which will help them land a job interview call.

  • Organize your thoughts about the job post in hand and accordingly type your justifications into your resume.
  • Choose one resume style from chronological, hybrid or functional resume.
  • Create a personal statement.
  • Add educational and academic details with scores/grades.
  • Highlight all achievements.
  • Proofread your resume and ensure that its not too long.

Hope these tips will help you prepare a flawless resume and CV as per the requirement of the recruiter.


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